Pug standing in grassPug

The Pug is a sturdy yet compact small dog that likes to sleep in your lap and spend every moment with you. A true companion dog.

They have funny and comical personalities that will entertain you. They enjoy being the center of attention.


Origin

The Pug is one of the oldest known dog breeds. Although their origin is unknown, they were in China as early as 400 BC. Pugs were brought to Europe and became the favorite dog in royal households.

Pugs were brought to the United States after the Civil war and was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.


Group

The Pug dog breed is a member of the American Kennel Club’s toy group being a small companion dog.



Size

Pugs are small, compact dogs that are 10 to 14 inches tall at the shoulder and they weigh between 14 to 18 pounds. They are sturdy dogs even though they are small.


Color

According to the American Kennel Club the standard colors for the Pug are black and fawn. There are no markings for the Pug.


Temperament

Pugs have even-tempers and are playful with outgoing personalities. They are friendly and with loving dispositions and are good with kids and other pets and love to be with their people.

Extra training and patience will be needed due to their stubbornness and independent thinking. Due to their short muzzles they will make noises such as snoring, wheezing and snorting.


Energy

Pugs usually have a moderate energy level and will need two walks each day for about 15 minutes each when the weather permits.

They can’t tolerate hot and cold temperatures due to their short muzzles. They will need to have playtime inside during hot and cold weather.


Health

The average lifespan of a Pug is 13 to 15 years of age. Pugs are generally healthy dogs that may develop hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, allergies, eye problems and von Willebrand’s disease.

Pugs will overeat if they are allowed. You should measure your Pug’s food and make sure they get enough exercise to prevent obesity from occurring. Exercise is important for your Pug.


Shedding

Pugs will shed their hair, but with a short smooth double coat they do not require a lot of grooming. Brushing your Pug a two to three times a week will keep the hair under control.


Other Grooming

The Pug dog breed has deep wrinkles on their face that you will need to clean and keep dry. Using a clean damp cloth, wipe between the folds of skin and then wipe them with a dry clean cloth.

You will also need to brush their teeth two to three times each week. Their ears should be cleaned once a week and their nails trimmed as needed.


Pug faceTraining

Pugs are intelligent dogs, but training may be a challenge. They are independent thinkers and might not be willing to do what you want them to do.

An obedience training class will be a good experience for you and your Pug, plus the socialization will benefit your Pug.


Separation Anxiety

Pugs need human contact and will follow you around your home. They want to sleep in your lap and in your bed with you.  They want to be your companion.

Early socialization is important for this breed, but talk to your veterinarian about socialization and vaccinations first. You don’t want to expose your dog to diseases before they are immune.


Rescue

If you have an interest in the Pug dog breed, please consider adoption. You can search for a Pug available for adoption in your area by going to PetFinder.com.

To find a rescue organization, you can enter “Pug Rescue” into a search engine such as Google. You can also search including your zip code by entering “Pug Rescue + zip code”, replacing zip code with your actual zip code.


What do you think about the Pug dog breed? Leave a comment below or share a story about your dog. The information on this website is not intended to replace the advice of your own veterinarian, dog trainer, or dog behavioral specialist.

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