french bulldog standingFrench Bulldogs

French Bulldogs are small companion dogs who are happy to sleep in your lap. They love to be with people and they have a funny personality that they use to get your attention.

Due to their stocky build and heavy heads, most French Bulldogs can not swim. Place a life jacket on your French Bulldog when you are around water.


The origin of the French Bulldog is still in question by many. We do know is that during the mid 1800’s in southern England, the Bulldogs were much smaller than the Bulldogs in other parts of England.

Many textiles workers lived in southern England and loved these smaller Bulldogs. They were forced to move looking for work after machinery replaced their jobs. Many moved to France and took their dogs with them.

These small bulldogs were probably bred with terriers to create French Bulldogs that we know today with their small size and upright ears.


The French Bulldog is a member of the American Kennel Club’s non-sporting group and they were recognized in 1898 by the AKC.


French Bulldogs are 11 to 12 inches high at the shoulders and weigh 25 to 28 pounds. They are a short sturdy dog with a short nose, wrinkles on their face, upright ears and short legs.


French Bulldogs can have a variety of colors and markings. The AKC’s standard colors include brindle, brindle and white, cream, fawn, fawn and white, fawn brindle, white, white and brindle, and white and fawn. Two non-standard colors are cream and white, and fawn brindle and white.

There is one standard marking from the AKC, ticked. Non-standard markings include black mask, brindle markings, piebald, and white markings.

french bulldog sitting black and whiteTemperament

French Bulldogs make good companion dogs that are playful, smart, adaptable and friendly with a clownish attention seeking attitude.

They will make a good alert dog announcing visitors as they arrive, otherwise they are quiet dogs. Usually good with other pets, but a male may not get along with another male.


French Bulldogs prefer a brief walk outside on cool days. They have short noses making it difficult to breath during hot humid weather. They like to be inside on the owner’s lap sleeping the day away.


The average lifespan of the French Bulldog is 9 to 11 years. They are prone to respiratory problems due to their short noses, allergies, hip dysplasia. They are sensitive to heat and have problems regulating their body temperature with their short noses.

French Bulldogs make several noises like snoring, wheezing, grunting and snorting. They also tend to have gas and it gets worse with age. Feeding your French Bulldog a good diet will decrease the amount of gas.

Most French Bulldogs are bred by artificial insemination and require a caesarean section to deliver the puppies because of their slim hips.


French Bulldogs have a short smooth coat with minimal shedding and you can brush them once or twice a week. Bathe and brush them on a regular basis to control any shedding.

Other Grooming

The wrinkles on the face and neck of the French Bulldog need to be kept clean and dry. Clean between the folds of the skin with a soft damp cloth, then with a soft dry cloth.


It can be a challenge to train a French Bulldog due to their stubbornness. They respond well to food based training with small treats.

Be patient with them as they are sensitive and will shut down if you yell at them. Keep it positive and they will remember what they have learned. A daily training session would be best, no more than 15 minutes.

french bulldog with toySeparation Anxiety

They don’t like to be alone for long periods of time and can develop separation anxiety. They like to be close to people. If you are away from home for long periods of time, you will need a dog sitter, dog walker, or you can find a doggie daycare.


Check out the French Bulldog Rescue Network to find French Bulldogs available for adoption in the US or for more information on the breed.

For more information on French Bulldog rescue groups in your area, enter “French Bulldog Rescue” into a search engine such as Google. You can also search including your zip code by entering “French Bulldog Rescue + zip code”, replacing zip code with your actual zip code.

What do you think about the French Bulldog? Leave a comment below or share a story about your dog. The information on this website is not intended to replace the advice of your own veterinarian, dog trainer, or dog behavioral specialist.