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Dachshund dog


Dachshund dogThe Dachshund is a small dog breed and is a scent hound that will follow its prey into burrows. The word, Dachshund, means badger dog.

Dachshunds are small enough to live in an apartment and with their small size they can play inside as well as outside. They have an unusual shape, short and long, and a comical personality.

Dachshund: A half-a-dog high and a dog-and-a-half long.
— H. L. Mencken


The Dachshund dog breed originated in Germany to hunt badgers and other burrowing animals. They needed a smaller dog that could enter the burrows of their prey. It was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.


Dachshunds are part of the American Kennel Club’s hound group and are scent hounds. They can trail the scent of their prey and follow them right into a burrow.


Dachshunds come in two sizes, the miniature Dachshund and the standard Dachshund. The miniature is 5 to 6 inches at the shoulder and weighs 11 pounds and under. The standard is 8 to 9 inches at the shoulder and weighs between 16 and  32 pounds.


The AKC recognizes 12 colors and 3 markings in Dachshunds. The variety of colors are black and cream, black and tan, blue and cream, blue and tan, chocolate and cream, chocolate and tan, cream, fawn and cream, fawn and tan, red, wheaten, wild boar, black, chocolate and fawn.

The three standard markings are brindle, dapple and sable. There are also three non-standard markings which are brindle piebald, double dapple and piebald.

They can have one of three types of hair. Their hair can be smooth short hair, long hair that can be straight or wavy, and wirehair.

Dachshund dog faceTemperament

Dachshunds are protective of their family, courageous, energetic, friendly, likes to cuddle, adventurous, curious, likes to dig, hunt, chase, and track scents.

Children have to be taught how to handle the dog as it doesn’t have patience for being mishandled.

They are prone to barking when they are suspicious of something or someone and they can be stubborn, aggressive and difficult to train.


The Dachshund is a small dog with a medium energy level that needs daily exercise to release their energy. They enjoy daily walks on a leash and playing catch or fetch. Check out these dog toys from Amazon.


Generally healthy dogs, the most common problems with this dog breed are having problems with their backs, obesity, eye disorders, diabetes and epilepsy. Their lifespan is on average 12 to 14 years.


They will need to be brushed once or twice a week as they shed moderately, and the long hair types need to be kept tangle free which may require brushing several times a week. The wirehair will need stripping twice a year.

Other Grooming

The droopy ears of the Dachshund will need to be cleaned once a week to keep them clean, their nails clipped every few weeks and their teeth brushed.


Dachshunds can be stubborn and difficult to train, including house training. Be patient and consistent with training and they will learn what you expect from them.

Dachshund dog with ballSeparation Anxiety

Dachshunds are prone to separation anxiety. They are pack dogs and they do not like to be alone. Some people recommend getting two Dachshunds so they are never alone.


For information about adopting a Dachshund, you can visit the Dachshund Rescue of North American website here.

For more information on Dachshund rescue groups in your area, enter “Dachshund Rescue” into a search engine such as Google. You can also search including your zip code by entering “Dachshund Rescue + zip code”, replacing zip code with your actual zip code.

What do you think about the Dachshund dog breed? Leave a comment below or share a story about your dog. The information on this website is not intended to replace the advice of your own veterinarian, dog trainer, or dog behavioral specialist.



  1. Our “Little Red” is a very possessive and unsocial little guy. He loves his family and people he knows, but very anti social to other people and dogs. He is almost impossible to walk in the neighborhood because of the fit he throws when meeting other walkers. He is definitely not a “chick magnet”.
    He pees when excited and hates going outside if it is below 60 degrees. He doesn’t “come” unless he wants to.
    And oh how we love him !!

    • Alice

      February 27, 2017 at 12:36 pm

      Thank you for your comment. I love the name Little Red. Dachshunds can be possessive and aggressive towards strangers and other animals. He is protecting his family from the unknown. Fear of the unknown can turn to aggression. He sounds like a spunky little fellow! When I was little we had a Chihuahua and Rat Terrier mix that was very unsocial and would bark and growl at strangers. Other than that, he was a great dog that I had many hours of fun with.

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