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rough coat Collie


rough coat CollieThe Collie dog breed is affectionate, loyal, smart and sensitive. Do you know the most famous Collie of all time? If you guessed Lassie, you are correct.

Collies can have a short smooth coat or a long rough coat. The smooth coat Collie tends to need more mental and physical stimulation than the rough coat Collie.


The Collie dog breed originated in Scotland, in the Highland regions and Lowlands, mainly as a herding dog. They were also bred in northern England.

The Collie dog breed was officially recognized in 1885 by the American Kennel Club and the first Collie Club in the United States began in 1886.


The Collie is a member of the American Kennel Club’s herding group.


Collies are large dogs that can be 22” to 26” high at the shoulder and they can weigh 50 to 75 pounds.


Collies have 10 standard colors and 4 markings. The standard colors are black white and tan, blue merle, blue merle and white, blue merle white and tan, sable, sable and white, sable merle, sable merle and white, white, and white merle. The standard markings are black and tan markings, blue merle markings, sable, and sable merle markings.


Collies are affectionate, strong, loyal, fast, fearless and intelligent. They become very attached to their family and are very loyal to them.

Socialization is important for your Collie as they can be shy with strangers. Always be positive with your Collie as they are sensitive dogs that do not do well with negative treatment.



Collies have a medium energy level and will need daily exercise to release their physical and mental energy. When properly exercised, they will enjoy relaxing at home with their family.

They enjoy walking, jogging and running with their owners or playing games such as fetch or disc catching. They are good at herding and tracking and they enjoy those activities.


Collies have an average lifespan of 12 to 14 years old. Collies tend to have eye problems. Responsible breeders will have their dogs tested for eye abnormalities.

Collies are sensitive to medications. Talk to your veterinarian before giving your Collie any medications, especially heartworm preventatives.


Collies can have a rough coat or a smooth coat. The rough, which is longer than the smooth coat, will need regular trimmings. Brush or comb the long coat to prevent the hair from matting.

Both coats will shed seasonally and they will need to be brushed daily at this time. Otherwise they will need a weekly brushing to remove loose hair and any tangles that might have formed.

Other Grooming

Their nails will need trimming regularly as needed. Their teeth should be brushed at least three times a week and their ears cleaned once a week to prevent infections.


Collies are intelligent dogs that are quick learners and willing to please their owners. They enjoy agility, herding and performing tricks. They can get bored with routine training, so change it up to keep it interesting.

Collies make great family dogs for families with older children. This is not the dog breed for families with young children because they tend to nip the feet of small children as if they are herding them.

Separation Anxiety

Collies like to be with their owner or family and they do not do well alone for long periods of time. When they are alone for a long period of time, you may see bad behaviors such as excessive barking and destructive chewing.

Collie sitting on grassRescue

If you have an interest in the Collie dog breed, please consider adoption. There are many purebred dogs and puppies that are available for adoption.

Search for a Collie rescue group in your area by starting here at PetFinder.

What do you think about the Collie dog breed? Share a story about your dog or leave a comment below. The information on this website is not intended to replace the advice of your own veterinarian, dog trainer, or dog behavioral specialist.



  1. Collie is one of my favorite breeds of dogs. As you said, Alice, they are very loyal and become fantastic family members. Great article. Fun to read. Looking forward to checking out your other breeds.

    • Alice

      July 27, 2017 at 12:09 pm

      I’m glad you enjoyed reading about the Collie dog breed. I try to add a new dog breed each week. Please come back and share the website with your friends. Thank you for your comment!

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