Cocker SpanielThe Cocker Spaniel, from flushing out game to a family pet, this dog breed is one of the most popular breeds according to the American Kennel Club. They are great dogs to play with kids as they are energetic and playful.


The Cocker Spaniel dog breed is descended from dogs that were called Spaniels, probably from Spain, that were bred to flush out game in thick brush. In England during the late 1600’s Spaniels were divided into water and land spaniels.

Springing Spaniels are the foundation of the flushing spaniels of today. When a litter was born, the large puppies were considered Springer Spaniels, the medium puppies were considered Sussex Spaniels and the small puppies were Cocker Spaniels.

The Cocker Spaniel was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1878. This breed was recognized by the English Kennel Club in 1892.


The Cocker Spaniel dog breed is a member of the American Kennel Club’s sporting group of dogs.


Cocker Spaniels are 13.5 to 15.5 inches tall at the shoulder and they can weigh 20 to 30 pounds. They are sturdy, small to medium size sporting dogs with a silky coat.


According to the American Kennel Club, Cocker Spaniels can be one of thirteen different colors and have 2 markings. The markings are merle markings and roan.

The colors are black, black and tan, black and white, black white and tan, brown, brown and tan, brown and white, brown white and tan, buff, buff and white, red, red and white, silver, blue roan, blue roan and tan, cream, golden, red roan, sable, and sable and white.


The Cocker Spaniel dog breed is a happy, smart, alert, playful, affectionate and gentle breed of dog. They are good with children and other dogs


Cocker Spaniels are energetic dogs that also run fast. They will need regular exercise and training sessions daily to expel their energy. They will enjoy taking long walks with you.

Agility, flyball or tracking, just for fun or competition, is a great way to release physical and mental energy in your dog.


The average lifespan of a Cocker Spaniel is 10 to 14 year of age and they are prone to many serious health problems.

They may develop several different eye diseases, skin diseases and growths, ear infections, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, heart disease, liver disease, along with autoimmune and blood clotting diseases. Also, knee, hip and disk problems are likely.


Cocker Spaniels are seasonal shedders, in the Spring and Fall, and they shed moderately throughout the year. They will need regular brushing to keep their coat tangle free and a trim of their coat every few months to keep it in good shape.

Other Grooming

Their nails will need trimming about once a month and their ears will need cleaning once a week to keep them clean and free of infection. You should brush their teeth several times a week.


Cocker Spaniels are easy to train and will enjoy the interaction. They are very smart dogs that are eager to please their owners.

Separation Anxiety

Cocker Spaniels do not like to be alone for more than a few hours. They want to be a part of the family and be with their family. Bad behaviors such as excessive barking and chewing may develop if left alone for long periods of time.

cocker spanielRescue

If you have an interest in the Cocker Spaniel dog breed, please consider adoption. There are many purebred dogs and puppies that are available for adoption.Search for a Cocker Spaniel rescue group in your area by starting here at PetFinder.

What do you think about the Cocker Spaniel dog breed? Share a story about your dog or leave a comment below. The information on this website is not intended to replace the advice of your own veterinarian, dog trainer, or dog behavioral specialist.