Chihuahua puppyDo you want a small companion dog to spend your day with and travel with you? The Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed recognized by kennel clubs and a companion dog that is happy to be in their owner’s lap.

They have terrier-like qualities and are not good with small children. They can be quick to bite or nip even when it is unintentional. You can teach older children how to handle the dog with care.


The Chihuahua dog breed is believed to have come from Chihuahua, Mexico. Mexican merchants began selling the small dogs in 1884 and people began naming the breed for the area it came from. Many historians believe the Chihuahua descends from the Techichi dog, a champion dog in Mexico.

The first Chihuahua was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1904 in Texas. Later that same year, three other Chihuahuas were also registered. The Chihuahua Club of America was founded in 1923 to promote and provide information on the breed.


The Chihuahua dog breed is in the American Kennel Club’s toy group due to it’s small size. It is a companion dog that will love to sleep in your lap.


The Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed recognized by kennel clubs and are generally 6 to 9 inches tall. They generally weigh between 4 to 6 pounds.

Chihuahuas can be identified as apple heads or a deer heads, referring to the shape of the head. Apple heads are round heads, close-set eyes, with short ears and legs. Deer heads have flat-top heads, the eyes are set further apart than the apple head, larger ears and longer legs.

In the show ring, the apple head is the only acceptable head type of the Chihuahua. Outside of the show ring, deer head Chihuahuas can be 12 to 15 inches tall.


The American Kennel Club recognizes the standard colors of black, black and tan, blue and tan, chocolate, chocolate and tan, cream, fawn, fawn and white and red. Standard markings are black brindling, black mask, black sabling, merle markings, spotted on white and white markings.

Chihuahua long hairTemperament

Chihuahuas are alert, intelligent and entertaining dogs that love to lay in your lap. Treat your Chihuahua gently and with care. Generally speaking, Chihuahuas are not suitable for homes with small children as they will easily attack when they are provoked.

Because of their love for dens, they like to burrow themselves under blankets or clothes. They may need a shirt or sweater to keep them warm, especially when they go outside.


Chihuahuas have moderate energy levels and they can get enough exercise inside because of their small size. When walking on a leash, use a harness instead of a collar because they are are prone to tracheal collapse.


Chihuahuas may tremble or shake when they are under stress or they are cold. You may need to use a shirt or sweater to keep your Chihuahua warm. Their lifespan varies from 12 to 20 years.

Apple head Chihuahuas are the only dog breed to be born with a soft spot on their head. Treat your Chihuahua with care for the first six months.

They have a risk of having low blood sugar, which you can avoid by providing good nutrition and frequent feeding. They are also at a risk for eye injuries and infections with their large protruding eyes.


A Chihuahua can have one of two coat types, the smooth coat and the long coat. The smooth coat has short flat hair that needs brushing about once a week. Brush the long coat several times a week to keep the coat tangle free.

In the Spring and Fall, you will find that your Chihuahua will be shedding more hair than usual. During these times, you will need to brush your Chihuahua more often to keep the shedding under control.

Other Grooming

You must take care of your Chihuahua’s teeth as they tend to have weak teeth. Brush their teeth regularly to avoid plaque buildup. Clean their ears to remove wax buildup and trim their nails.


Chihuahuas are one of the most difficult dog breeds to housebreak. You can train your puppy to relieve themselves inside or outside. Check out this indoor pet toilet dog grass restroom for dogs and puppies.

Many Chihuahuas are naturally suspicious and will need socialization on a consistent basis. Barking may be a problem because of their alert and suspicious nature.

They are willing to please their owners. Keep training consistent and positive to get the best results. Chihuahuas do not respond well to scolding or punishment, keep the training upbeat and positive.

Chihuahua laying downSeparation Anxiety

Chihuahuas can be prone to separation anxiety as they love to be with people and in your lap. Don’t leave your Chihuahua alone for long periods of time. Have a friend or family member keep your Chihuahua if you are going to be gone all day, or a doggie daycare if necessary.

You can confine your puppy to area or room in your home or use an enclosure like this one at Amazon. Provide toys for your dog or puppy to play with. Toys that hold treats will keep them busy and entertained for some time.


If you would like to adopt a Chihuahua, you can check out this Chihuahua Rescue organization in the US. You can also search by dog breed at PetFinder. Another way to search is to use a search engine, such as Google and enter the area where you live plus Chihuahua rescue.

What do you think about the small Chihuahua dog breed? Leave a comment below or share a story about your dog. The information on this website is not intended to replace the advice of your own veterinarian, dog trainer, or dog behavioral specialist.